a few names of the month were derived from Roman deities.
Most simply came from the numbers of the months, or, as in
two cases, in honor of Roman emperors.
Named after the Roman god of beginnings and endings Janus
(the month Januarius)
The name comes either from the old-Italian god Februus or
else from februa, signifying the festivals of purification
celebrated in Rome during this month.
This is the first month of the Roman year. It is named after
the Roman god of war, Mars.
Called Aprilis, from aperire, "to open".
Possible because it is the month in which the buds begin to
The third month of the Roman calendar. The name probably comes
from Maiesta, the Roman goddess of honor and reverence.
The fourth month was named in honor of Juno. However, the
name might also come from iuniores (young men; juniors)
as opposed to maiores (grown men; majors) for May, the two
months being dedicated to young and old men.
It was the month in which Julius Ceasar was born, and named
Julius in his honor in 44 BC, the year of his assasination.
Also called Quintilis (fifth month).
Originally this month was called Sextilis (from sextus,
"six"), but the name was later changed in honor
of the first of the Roman emperors, Augustus (because several
fortunate events of his life occured during this month).
The name comes from septem, "seven".
The name comes from octo, "eight"
The name comes from novem, "nine".
The name comes from decem, "ten".